A Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS) is a system that supports wide-area or regional augmentation through the use of additional satellite-broadcast messages. Such systems are commonly composed of multiple ground stations, located at accurately-surveyed points. The ground stations take measurements of one or more of the GNSS satellites, the satellite signals, or other environmental factors which may impact the signal received by the users. Using these measurements, information messages are created and sent to one or more satellites for broadcast to the end users.
While SBAS designs and implementations may vary widely, with SBAS being a general term referring to any such satellite-based augmentation system, under the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) rules a SBAS must transmit a specific message format and frequency which matches the design of the United States' Wide Area Augmentation System.
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